04:20,26,Jul,2006 | (3323/0/0) | Original

hydrocele transilluminates


Summary 1. Hydrocele fluid within the tunica vaginalis testis formation of natural, this is the most common type.
Hydrocele 2. Spermatic cord hydrocele sheath closed at both ends, while the middle part is not closed and there is fluid, cyst fluid and peritoneal cavity and hydrocele testis is not the same, also known as the spermatic cord cyst , called a cyst in girls round ligament of Nuck cyst or cysts. 3. Testes, spermatic cord hydrocele (baby type) only in the inner sheath at the closed suddenly, the Ministry of the spermatic cord is not closed, fluid and testis sheath cavity connected. 4. Communicating hydrocele sudden end of the sheath closed, testicular hydrocele fluid cavity through a small tube can be interlinked with the abdominal cavity, also known as congenital sheath product tuck. Conflict between the sheath and the abdominal cavity, such as the channel large bowel and the omentum can also enter the sheath cavity, that is, congenital inguinal hernia. In addition to these congenital factors, the other in some huge hernia after repair of inguinal hernia or fibrosis of the inguinal canal, spermatic vein and allow local returning blocked lymphatic system can also form a hydrocele. Most occurred in the diagnosis of hydrocele - side, mainly for the scrotum or groin area with a cystic mass. Small hydrocele no symptoms, often in the physical examination were discovered by accident; who often feel more fluid volume scrotum sag, swell, spermatic cord traction pain. Large hydrocele, the penis retracted into the prepuce, the impact of urinary and sexual life is not easy to walk and work. Communicating hydrocele, swelling of the scrotum when standing. Hold up the scrotum after supine, fluid gradually into the abdominal cavity, cysts shrink or disappear.
B-state clinical hydrocele hydrocele patients test positive light. Hydrocele oblique inguinal hernia should be with the membrane and differentiated from testicular cancer, in the course of the clinical diagnosis of inguinal hernia in particular should pay attention to whether the combination. Hydrocele, in medicine it is called "water hernia." Clinical manifestations of one or both sides of the scrotum enlargement as crystal, not red nor hot, the next control testis, the cited lower abdomen, itching, running water or dampness of the evil, long-Yu of the heat, we can see scrotal swelling, scanty dark urine, etc. card. Usually caused by Jue Yin Shu liver of the clock may not benefit, rehabilitation caused by dampness or damp heat stagnation. Side of a source "of Traditional Chinese Medicine" (10) 1981 formula gall, dried alum of the 10 - 15 grams. Research on drug use were crude at the end, add 300-400 ml of water torture, to Java to take liquid into the bowl, to be lukewarm when the scrotum in all immersed in liquid, soak 20-30 minutes each time. 1 day, soak 2-3 times. Liquid when heated with the next, medication wash with warm water before the vulva. Swelling effect of convergence. For ch
ildren with primary and secondary hydrocele, spermatic cord hydrocele, communicating hydrocele, etc. Fang Er source "of Zhejiang Traditional Chinese Medicine" (6) 1983 formula honeysuckle, free oneself of 30 grams, 15 grams of basil leaves. Use of the drug plus water, fried 2 to Java, the two juice mixture into the bowl, until the temperature dip after the first wash the scrotum, each time for 30 minutes. 1 day, dipping 2-3 times. Effectiveness of expelling wind, heat, swelling. For children with hydrocele. Third party sources of "new medicine" (9) 1982, 6 grams of cinnamon recipe, Duan keel, gall, dried alum 15 grams each. Broken on the first drug use, add about 700 ml boiled water to boil for 30 minutes, the liquid into the bowl, until the temperature and skin temperature is close, within the scrotum full immersion into the liquid for 30 minutes. Soak 2 times a day, 2, 1, used in conjunction 8. The effect of temperature, to close the wet, swelling. For hydrocele. Prescription 40 grams of powder composition of mother cloves, pressed powder bottling use. Use dry cleaning navel first, take 2 grams of powder into the navel, and then cover dressing one, with plastic sheets fixed dressing 1 every 2 days, 20 days for a course of treatment, intermittent 10 days, then row 2 course of treatment. Indications hydrocele. Normal testicular hydrocele sac with a little liquid (2 ~ 3ml), for smooth, protect testicular use, if too much is the sheath of liquid water. The sheath
Hydrocele hydrocele fluid concept should include water, sheath hematoma, empyema, and sheath chylous hydrocele swelling. It causes more inflammation, trauma, cancer and other diseases can cause the scrotum and testicular hydrocele. Hydrocele hydrocele in the most common disease in all age groups can be. Hydrocele good results of surgical therapy. In recent years, there are simple line sheath cyst puncture fluid after drug injection, not surgery, but still controversial problem of postoperative complications. A small amount of fluid can be asymptomatic. If the effusion great, there are not falling scrotum, or urination and sexual dysfunction, the Ministry of the scrotum can be seen pear or oval lumps, cystic, such as a communicating hydrocele, the tumor size can be changed with the change of position . Hydrocele in infants and young children more able to absorb themselves in the development process, it is generally not treated unless the great effusion. Surgery for large hydrocele, tunica vaginalis testis usually takes the line turnover operation, spermatic cord hydrocele line cystectomy, communicating hydrocele is suddenly in the sheath of the sheath at high ligation plus membrane turnover operation. Viable small hydrocele cyst puncture fluid injection technique. Hydrocele diagnosed easily, without special inspection. However, if the need to rule out testicular tumor, may be the prostate, seminal vesicles, penis, scrotum and hydrocele by ultrasound high incidence in tropical regions, and schistosomiasis infection in a relationship, it is usually anti-mosquito measures are important. In rural areas, due to various reasons, the treatment of hydrocele inadequate attention, often because of serious damage to bilateral hydrocele and testicular function. It should be called for early medical attention. Infants and young children is a congenital hydrocele, with age, growth and development, the lymphatic system functioning, and more self-absorbed, no rush to treatment, can be dynamically observed, regular follow. Causes testicular down to the scrotum by the time of retroperitoneal peritoneal fall, as testicular hydrocele. The sheath surrounding the testis epididymis visceral its external sheath there is a
Parietal layer of tunica vaginalis diagnosis. Only a small amount of liquid between two layers. Conflict with the testicular descent of the sheath is completely closed after birth, a strip of. If the sheath is not closed completely conflict, intra-abdominal fluid (ascites) can not close the lumen along its flow to the testicles or around the period of stay in the formation of a spermatic cord hydrocele known as congenital or communicating hydrocele. Testicular volume between two layers of natural sheath of excessive liquid, compared with hydrocele. Diagnosis of hydrocele do all kinds of tests were positive light (light) has a hydrocele due to a longer time, sheath thick lining. Light test can be negative (opaque) can not be sure of the diagnosis of hydrocele, as long as a long duration, sheath thick lining test may be negative light (no light). Not sure of the diagnosis of hydrocele, as long as possible to rule out hernia test puncture. Hydrocele fluid out of a light yellow transparent liquid. Check the basic checks hydrocele soft, elastic and capsule sexy, touch less than testis and epididymis, the transmittance test positive. Spermatic cord hydrocele in the top of the groin or testicles, and testicular obvious boundaries. Spermatic cord hydrocele testis has pear-shaped mass when the scrotum, testicles are palpable unclear. Communicating hydrocele, the supine fluid sac may shrink or disappear. Further examine the B-ultrasound can further confirm the diagnosis of suspected testicular tumor caused by secondary hydrocele is important, how to prevent hydrocele? Hydrocele in tropical regions with high incidence of schistosomiasis infection in a relationship, it is usually anti-mosquito measures are important. Secondary secondary hydrocele hydrocele of the scrotum injury, inflammation of the testis and epididymis, or tumors, and hydrocele caused by filariasis, known as secondary hydrocele. Such as acute orchitis, epididymitis, spermatic cord go far to stimulate sheath effusion increased, resulting in effusion. Scrotal lymphatic vessels caused by surgical injury return barriers and high fever, heart failure, ascites, etc., manifested as acute hydrocele; chronic secondary effusion is common in chronic orchitis, epididymitis, syphilis, tuberculosis, testicular tumor, resulting in sheath fluid secretion increased clinical manifestations 1. a small amount of fluid can be asymptomatic. If the effusion great, there are not falling scrotum, or urination and sexual dysfunction.
Hydrocele 2. Scrotal Department of pear-shaped or oval-shaped mass can be seen, cystic, translucent test (+), such as the infection is light test (-). 3. Such as communicating hydrocele, the tumor size can be changed with changes in posture. Diagnosis is based on: 1. Scrotal Department of cystic mass, light transmission test (+), such as sheath thickness, the transmission test (-). 2. Spermatic cord hydrocele, generally smaller, is located above the testicle. 3. Hydrocele, such as more fluid, the testes are often intangible. 4. Communicating hydrocele, cyst size can change with changes in body position. If you are serious complications of fluid, it may hinder the development of testes. 1 hydrocele infection, hydrocele in the original, based on the increased scrotal mass swelling, burning pain, or fever with aversion to cold, etc., this is hot and humid Accumulation of evil, stuffed drugs made treatment when Qing Xie liver and gallbladder fire, dampness antidote to Longdan plus dandelion, soil Fuling and other treatment, and with four yellow powder, golden scrotum with external application. Swelling may puncture fluid was adequate decompression, and increase susceptibility for bacterial culture, with the appropriate antibiotics. Abscess incision and drainage has become required. 2, the treatment of hydrocele (1) newborn baby hydrocele usually go away before the age of two, so do not rush to treatment. After two years of age if not disappear. The line of puncture
Hydrocele fluid. After the most by suction, no recurrence. This method does not apply to adults. Aspiration after the adults were in the short term and grow unabated. (2) injection of fluid in the pumping cavity after injection of the sheath has a rather irritating substances such as silicon, sodium cod liver oil, so that the occurrence of inflammatory adhesion. To eliminate the sheath cavity. This method is a higher response, adhesion is not complete, the formation of multilocular hydrocele. To the surgical treatment more difficult. Currently using less. (3) Surgical treatment of congenital hydrocele can not spend two treatment. Surgical therapy. The goal of surgery is to do the inner ring at high ligation of the hernia neck, block ascites dirty. Following the hernia sac from time processing. Spermatic cord hydrocele fluid of the cysts can be a complete strip. Such as stripping difficulties, they may cut the wall, doing flip suture. Hydrocele surgery is an effective removal of turning sheath suture. Against the impact of hydrocele on fertility normal testicular hydrocele sac there is a small amount of serous,
Nature of intra-abdominal hydrocele slurry similar to the role of a smooth, in which the testes can slide freely. Under normal circumstances sheath slurry wall has the function of secretion and absorption, and its capacity to remain stable. If the sheath itself and the surrounding organs or tissue lesions, the sheath of the secretion, absorption balance, then the formation of different types of hydrocele. The disease generally good prognosis after treatment. The importance of the clinical long-term intrathecal fluid, pressure increased, leaving the testicular ischemia, spermatogenic dysfunction, leading to infertility. At the same time a huge hydrocele affect the normal adult sex life, but also can lead to infertility. Will lead to epididymitis, hydrocele | hernia hydrocele testis showed parts of the scrotum or spermatic cord cystic mass 3, generally no discomfort, the size can be very different, mostly oval. Congenital hydrocele in the supine position, the fluid can be squeezed in order to gradually reduce or even completely disappeared, mostly unilateral hydrocele. Primary hydrocele scrotal skin, normal, greater tension can be translucent. Such as the sheath is not tension, relatively soft, may be thought of as a secondary hydrocele, should be alert to the testis and epididymis there is disease, such as tuberculosis, syphilis, inflammatory disease, cancer and filariasis and so on. Type of hydrocele showed parts of the scrotum or spermatic cord cystic mass, usually no discomfort, the size can be very different, mostly oval. Congenital hydrocele in the supine position, the fluid can be squeezed in order to gradually reduce or even completely disappeared, mostly unilateral hydrocele. Primary hydrocele scrotal skin, normal, greater tension can be translucent. Such as the sheath is not tension, relatively soft, may be thought of as a secondary hydrocele, should be alert to the testis and epididymis there is disease, such as tuberculosis, syphilis, inflammatory disease, cancer and filariasis and so on. Hydrocele on male fertility have an impact on two main reasons: 1) The oppression of testicular hydrocele around the testicles, affecting blood circulation, affecting spermatogenesis. 2), hydrocele is too large, to influence their lives. 3) secondary to tuberculosis, testicular diseases go far, is not conducive to growth. Liu XX male case of 3-year-old half-lives in Foshan, Guangdong, diagnosis: spermatic cord hydrocele in newly diagnosed Date: March 20, 2006 Parents were explained Mr. Liu Tel: walking gait abnormalities in children, sleep than usual when the scrotum was large, to touch the testis, the top of feeling good in the testis
Article tube as a diagnosis, sometimes I feel well connected, color Doppler ultrasound examination at a local hospital: both sides of the testicle range 16x8mm, size of the normal, internal echo uniform, no abnormal blood flow signals. Right groin area and the liquid can explore the dark zone, an area of about 52x28mm, the sound transmission is good, and testis sheath is not connected. Ultrasound diagnosis: spermatic cord hydrocele. Hospital medicine with my original "Fumigation heat" therapy remote to guide treatment. Tel feedback after 20 days treatment: fluid significantly reduced, and become soft . Nursing and then a course of drugs purchased consolidation therapy. After two courses of all the normal ultrasound report. Parents, Mr. Liu, a great joy, then gradually introduce five pediatric hernia patients (2 of them were called hydrocele, hernia, small intestine called the other 3 patients) received conservative treatment in our hospital medicine. Were recovered. - - Sun xx 8-year-old who lives in Xinxiang City, Henan Province Diagnosis: traffic type hydrocele diagnosed Date: 2007 on June 20 suffering from hydrocele in children 5 years. when night away, getting up after the event came out. ice cream or cold on the soles of the feet increased significantly. feeling smooth and translucent, no pain. Soft, squeeze for a while to disappear. To our hospital, Nursing and after exercise, standing, mass highlights, "walnut" size, light test is positive, the use of hospital medicine, "Fumigation heat" after a course of therapy, strenuous exercise, there is a little fluid, then a course of consolidation treatment recovery, there has been no evidence of recurrence. - -
Bilateral hydrocele fetal ultrasonographic King xx 16 months Shangwang block of Zhengzhou, who lives in diagnosis: trauma-type hydrocele diagnosed Date: February 16, 2008 when in three or four months, both sides found testicular are a bit large, and similar in size, eight or nine months when he fell from the bed was not formidable cry. over a month later and found the left testicle larger, it is clear difference between both sides of the left testis was larger, swelling, no pain is not red. To the hospital for the trauma-based hydrocele. Hernia Centre with traditional Chinese medicine in our hospital, "Fumigation heat," a course of therapy significantly reduced effusion, consolidation therapy after a course of complete recovery. - - Mr. Zhang, 38, who lives in Fuyang, Anhui diagnosis: testicular hydrocele diagnosed Date: 8 2004 16 5-year risk of hydrocele in our hospital, the readme no obvious discomfort, a slight fall, swelling feeling. Lying does not become small. Treatment, the mass was "egg size" to do positive test and inspect the light (light mass) package testicular tumor. No abnormal groin, diagnosed as hydrocele. Fumigation heat treatment used in our hospital, a course of treatment (30 days) review of effusion was reduced to "date like" size of the original square and then a course of medication after the call feedback: effusion without feeling the other side of the size of the testis and almost. Nursing and the local color Doppler ultrasound examination. Found no abnormalities. No abnormalities were followed up for six months, no recurrence. - - 68-year-old Lee, who lives in new city of Zhengzhou diagnosis: giant hydrocele diagnosed Date : November 6, 2007 were gradually increased the readme on the left scrotum, no pain, than long-standing heavy feeling from time to time. Flat and a hand press will not disappear. Intangible testis nine, left testicular hydrocele by ultrasound examination is, the "goose egg" size, color Doppler ultrasound examination: left testicle 41mmX21mm, the right 35mmX21mm, echoes are real, border clearance. Right 10X9mm left epididymis 13mmX9mm normal size, internal echo uniform. The left scrotum was swollen, and its increase in echo-free zone, surrounding the testis and epididymis. Range 65mmX43mm. The bottom of the flashlight from the scrotum was visible red light (light test positive) diagnosed as hydrocele in the hospital with "intervention pumping liquid" with traditional Chinese medicine "Fumigation heat," a course of treatment fluid disappears, the consolidation of a course of treatment . No abnormalities were followed up for six months. Micro-laparoscopic surgery in children hydrocele States economy from 2001 to carry out mini-laparoscopic hernia surgery in children, based on research and development of the micro-laparoscopic surgery in children hydrocele, to the present has reached more than 200 cases, with good effect, now this new technology are described below. Clinical manifestations of hydrocele in children is a common pediatric surgical diseases. Disease at any age, common to preschool children. Usually no systemic disease
Chinese medicine treatment like, and more family members found by the side of the groin or scrotal mass, or both sides of the local mass, growth is slow, does not cause pain. When the mass is greater, may have heavy feeling. Comparison of the sheath tube suddenly small streamer chamber is not closed sheath liquid is not easy to back back to the abdominal cavity, so the size of tumor did not significantly change. Nozzle closed suddenly without thick sheath, the night after supine, tumor size can be seen early morning. Diagnosis by clinical examination at the side of the groin or scrotum demarcated cystic mass with no obvious abdominal pedicle attached to the handle and the light transmittance test positive can be diagnosed. According to the different parts of the spermatic cord and testis is divided into two hydrocele. 1. Tumor confined to the spermatic cord spermatic cord hydrocele, and its portion size is generally small, oval, clear only in the palpable mass under the testicles, pulling the testicles, lumps may subsequently move. 2. Hydrocele scrotal mass suspended in the bottom of an oval or circular. Tension, such as mass larger than normal testicles touch. Test positive light. Indications and contraindications (a) an indication of any age over the age of sick children. (B) of the contraindications infants less than 1.1 years the opportunity to have self-limiting. 2. Severe cardiopulmonary dysfunction. 3. Acute upper respiratory infections. Preoperative preparation 1. Routine clinical examination, including urine and a blood clotting function tests and so on. 2. Chest cardiopulmonary understanding of the situation, exclusion of pulmonary infection. 3. Skin preparation. 4. Preoperative fasting water fasting 8h, 4h water deprivation. 5. Routine use of premedication phenobarbital, scopolamine or atropine, to calm, reduce the purpose of saliva and respiratory secretions. Surgical procedures (a) anesthesia and position 1. Anesthetic ketamine anesthesia. 2. Trendelenburg position for the l50 supine. (B) of the surgical procedure 1. Umbilical incision and pneumoperitoneum wrinkled 0.4cm small mouth on the cut, insert the Veress needle after inflation, one mini-laparoscopic puncture set. Another cut in the left paraumbilical 3cm 0.3cm small mouth, poke holes set to operate the clamp. 2. Hydrocele probe microscope can see internal ring There are 3 forms. (1) 57% of the internal ring ¢ 0.3 ~ 0.7cm (the equivalent of a small inguinal hernia of the internal ring): squeeze the scrotum and the spermatic cord tumor, showing that all the fluid from the internal ring
Hydrocele reflux back to the abdominal cavity. Scrotum and the spermatic cord mass can be lost. (2) 38% of the internal ring was ¢ 0.2 ~ 0.4cm fish head shape, squeezing the scrotum and the spermatic cord tumor, showing that fluid dripping from the fish head was like reflux back at the abdominal cavity, scrotum and the spermatic cord mass can be all or part of the disappeared. (3) 4% of the internal ring was a small depression: squeeze the scrotum and the spermatic cord tumor, showing a prominent bladders to depression, but not see fluid flow back into the abdominal cavity, scrotum and spermatic cord tumor does not shrink, do not disappear. 3. Suture in the ipsilateral internal ring at the surface projection of the inner mouth, the skin incision 0.15cm small mouth, with a line from here piercing needles, suture the inner semi-circle in the mouth, line and into the abdominal cavity, abdominal cavity back with a wire pin out and then this incision piercing crochet, stitching the inner estuary half circle, the abdominal suture hook out of the abdominal cavity. Then internal ring into a purse suture, the line taut knot, tied in the skin, internal ring was closed, the lifting of pneumoperitoneum, the end of surgery. Incision without suture. 4. Puncture fluid for the scrotum and spermatic cord were still fluid, the liquid can be taken out of the puncture, and then injected into prednisolone 20mg. Surgical Notes 1. In close cooperation with the anesthesiologist, as long as to maintain a certain depth of anesthesia, the abdominal muscles relaxed so that sick children, well-exposed abdominal space, can clearly show internal ring. 2. Complete line of internal ring closure, pay attention not to damage spermatic vessels, vas deferens. 3. Avascular zone in the cyst puncture fluid injection. Into the postoperative management of postoperative anesthesia recovery room, to be clear of sick children, the back room. Do not eat that day and a half less than in flow, the next day to ambulation, resumption of normal diet. Causes and prevention of complications (a) general complications in children with indirect inguinal hernia. (B) recurrence 1. Common cause of recurrent hydrocele following reasons. (1) age anesthetic effect of small differences, such as the abdominal muscles do not relax, pneumoperitoneum space, operational difficulties, resulting in internal ring closure could not be a complete closure; stitches are too sparse, and the inner ring is not completely closed. (2) operating unskilled, suture tight enough, there are omissions. (3) stitches or surgery without strong operations have caused damage to the sutures and postoperative suture easy to break when increased abdominal pressure and recurrence. 2. Prevention (1) increasing the level of anesthesia and the effect of making satisfactory anesthesia, the abdominal muscles relaxed. (2) increase the level of laparoscopic surgical procedures, careful operation, internal ring closure as complete as possible. (3) to provide better toughness of the suture can be used, intraoperative findings sutures are damaged or quality problems, the timely replacement of sutures. Hydrocele hydrocele hazards on male fertility and health to a certain extent: 1, testicular hydrocele oppression around the testicles, affecting blood circulation, affecting spermatogenesis. 2 large hydrocele, scrotal skin surrounding the penis is not conducive to normal sexual intercourse. 3, can cause orchitis, tuberculosis, syphilis, cancer and filariasis and so on. Hydrocele rehabilitation of health 1. According to the anatomic location categories hydrocele (1) hydrocele: the most common type. Peritoneal vaginalis in the course of normal embryonic development should be closed, if the peritoneal vaginalis does not close after birth, the Ministry of hydrocele or testicular capsule more than the normal amount of liquid, can form various types of hydrocele. Hydrocele sac around the testes increase in the liquid, forming round or pear-shaped cyst. Testis and epididymis are surrounded by fluid, more easily palpable. If incomplete or ectopic testicular descent effusion occurs, the performance of the location of cystic testicular tumor, such as the groin area, near the pubic area and so on. (2) the spermatic cord hydrocele: Peritoneal vaginalis testis closed at the top and inner groin, the Ministry of spermatic cord hydrocele fluid and form is not closed. Not with peritoneal and testicular sac connected. Can occur in the spermatic cord within the department or the inguinal canal, were round, oval. (3) the spermatic cord hydrocele testis: Peritoneal vaginalis is closed at the inner ring or inner ring to the spermatic cord at the Ministry. Was pear-shaped cyst, pear handle towards the groin area, can be extended to the inner ring. Not with abdominal interlinked, not compression, cyst size does not change with body position changes. Liquid and more tension is large testis, epididymis and spermatic cord easily palpable. (4) communicating hydrocele: Peritoneal vaginalis is not completely closed sac with the abdominal cavity connected. Intracapsular fluid via the Ministry of the spermatic cord hydrocele cavity freely, so compressible, the size changes with body position changes. With congenital inguinal hernia in fact the same, only the sheath lumen than the hernia cavity narrow neck, only the volume of liquid flow through, such as bowel and omentum can not fall into the sheath capsule. 2. Are classified according to duration and onset (1) acute hydrocele: a clear cause, such as scrotal trauma or inflammation of the scrotum, resulting in sac fluid increases rapidly, increasing local symptoms may be associated with systemic symptoms. Testicular cancer in the development process, can suddenly hydrocele. Acute accumulation of liquid are small, generally only 30-40ml, more than in acute lesions heal on their own after the absorption, but there are some who can not absorb to chronic. (2) chronic hydrocele: no more incentive, and sometimes seen in chronic injury of the scrotum after the local operation, this can also be complicated by certain diseases in the scrotum, such as cancer, tuberculosis, syphilis, and its sac is not in the know Increase the awareness, without obvious symptoms. Fluid volume is very inconsistent, more than those of more than 1000ml. Overview of normal testicular hydrocele hydrocele sac of a small amount of liquid (2 ~ 3ml), for smooth, protect testicular use, if too much is the sheath of liquid water. The concept should include hydrocele hydrocele hydrocephalus, sheath hematoma, empyema, and sheath chylous hydrocele swelling. It causes more inflammation, trauma, cancer and other diseases can cause the scrotum and testicular hydrocele. Hydrocele hydrocele in the most common disease in all age groups can be. Hydrocele good results of surgical therapy. In recent years, there are simple line sheath cyst puncture fluid after drug injection, not surgery, but still controversial problem of postoperative complications. A small amount of fluid can be asymptomatic. If the effusion great, there are not falling scrotum, or urination and sexual dysfunction, the Ministry of the scrotum can be seen pear or oval lumps, cystic, such as a communicating hydrocele, the tumor size can be changed with the change of position . Hydrocele in infants and young children more able to absorb themselves in the development process, it is generally not treated unless the great effusion. Surgery for large hydrocele, tunica vaginalis testis usually takes the line turnover operation, spermatic cord hydrocele line cystectomy, communicating hydrocele is suddenly in the sheath of the sheath at high ligation plus membrane turnover operation. Viable small hydrocele cyst puncture fluid injection technique. Hydrocele diagnosed easily, without special inspection. However, if the need to rule out testicular tumor, may be the prostate, seminal vesicles, penis, scrotum and hydrocele by ultrasound high incidence in tropical regions, and schistosomiasis infection in a relationship, it is usually anti-mosquito measures are important. In rural areas, due to various reasons, the treatment of hydrocele inadequate attention, often because of serious damage to bilateral hydrocele and testicular function. It should be called for early medical attention. Infants and young children is a congenital hydrocele, with age, growth and development, the lymphatic system functioning, and more self-absorbed, no rush to treatment, can be dynamically observed, regular follow. Hydrocele is what causes? Testis down to the scrotum by the time of retroperitoneal peritoneal fall, as testicular hydrocele. The sheath surrounding the testis epididymis visceral its external sheath there is a layer of the parietal tunica vaginalis. Only a small amount of liquid between two layers. Conflict with the testicular descent of the sheath is completely closed after birth, a strip of. If the sheath is not closed completely conflict, intra-abdominal fluid (ascites) can not close the lumen along its flow to the testicles or around the period of stay in the formation of a spermatic cord hydrocele known as congenital or communicating hydrocele. Testicular volume between two layers of natural sheath of excessive liquid, compared with hydrocele. What are the performance and hydrocele diagnosed? Hydrocele do all kinds of tests were positive light (light) has a hydrocele due to a longer time, sheath thick lining. Light test can be negative (opaque) can not be sure of the diagnosis of hydrocele, as long as a long duration, sheath thick lining test may be negative light (no light). Not sure of the diagnosis of hydrocele, as long as possible to rule out hernia test puncture. Hydrocele fluid out of a light yellow transparent liquid. What should be done check hydrocele? Hydrocele diagnosis easier, without special inspection. However, if the need to rule out testicular tumor tuberculosis need to do the corresponding prostate, seminal vesicles, scrotum and penis of the B-check but if scrotal mass is substantial, we should not puncture examination. Hydrocele should be how to prevent? Hydrocele in tropical regions with high incidence of schistosomiasis infection in a relationship, it is usually anti-mosquito measures are important. Hydrocele diagnostic points 1. Affected side of the scrotum may have round or oval-shaped soft sheath cystic tumor. 2. Clinical symptoms was not significant, with occasional discomfort bulge and stretch, or may significantly affect the urination swollen. 3. Tumor test positive light. 4.B ultrasound examination can confirm the diagnosis.
hydrocele transilluminates

※ ※ hydrocele is a common disease in men. ○ ○ fetus in the gestational age of 8-9 months from the abdomen down into the scrotal testis, when the testes descend into the scrotum, the pathway from the abdominal cavity to the scrotum will be closed. If you do not close, medicine, also known as peritoneal sheath closed cable failure. The result is increased abdominal pressure caused by peritoneal fluid in the scrotum when the flows, the formation of congenital communicating hydrocele. If parts of the spermatic cord, and testis in the abdominal cavity closed at both ends of the formation of congenital cyst of the spermatic cord sheath of water. Hydrocele also the testis and epididymis of the infection, trauma, tumors and other diseases caused by schistosomiasis infection. ○ ○ hydrocele hydrocele cavity is excess fluid retention. Cause more inflammation, trauma, cancer and other diseases can cause the scrotum and testicular hydrocele. Incidence of about 1% of all patients, a higher incidence in tropical regions, accounting for 7.5% of male patients, a relationship with filariasis. Hydrocele hydrocele in the most common disease in all age groups can be. Hydrocele good results of surgical therapy. In recent years, there are simple line sheath cyst puncture fluid after drug injection, not surgery, but still controversial problem of postoperative complications. ○ ○ huge hydrocele can cause sexual difficulties. If lack of knowledge of disease, particularly bathing, dressing other people laugh when they may be caused by psychological obstacles. Moreover, hydrocele testis has long been wrapped so that the temperature adjustment disorder affecting spermatogenesis, should be treated early. ※ ※ diagnosis is not difficult communicating hydrocele hydrocele can be reduced in the supine position, when in the early morning Guchang narrowed, while the afternoon due to standing and walking, so that perfusion to the sheath intraperitoneal cavity, causing fluid increased. Hydrocele testis by the entire chamber as a result of testicular palpable film wrapped poor, semi-recumbent position to take the patient to narrow squeeze. In addition, hydrocele can test and inspect the flashlight to light, the liquid can be transparent, should be positive. Also available B-mode ultrasound diagnosis can be made more precise, a suspect may check out the puncture fluid nature. ○ ○ [symptoms of physical disease] 1. A small amount of fluid can be asymptomatic. If the effusion great, there are not falling scrotum, or urination and sexual dysfunction. 2. Scrotal Department of pear-shaped or oval-shaped mass can be seen, cystic, translucent test (), such as the infection is light test (-). 3. Such as communicating hydrocele, the tumor size can be changed with changes in posture. ○ ○ [diagnosis is based on] 1. Scrotal Department of cystic mass, light transmission test (), such as the sheath thickness, the transmission test (-). 2. Spermatic cord hydrocele, generally smaller, is located above the testicle. 3. Hydrocele, such as more fluid, the testes are often intangible. 4. Communicating hydrocele, cyst size can change with changes in body position. ※ ※ [treatment principles] 1. Hydrocele in infants and young children more able to absorb themselves in the development process, it is generally not treated unless the great effusion. 2. Surgical treatment for large hydrocele, tunica vaginalis testis usually takes the line turnover operation, spermatic cord hydrocele line cystectomy, communicating hydrocele is suddenly in the sheath at the ligation plus sheath turnover operation. 3. Hydrocele viable small cyst puncture fluid injection technique, injection of sclerosing agents exhaustion effusion (such as tetracycline solution, etc.) treatment, the effect is good, but complications controversial. ※ ※ [Expert Tips] hydrocele high incidence in tropical regions, and schistosomiasis infection in a relationship, it is usually anti-mosquito measures are important. In rural areas, due to various reasons, paid insufficient attention to the treatment of hydrocele, it is often because of serious damage to bilateral hydrocele and testicular function. It should be called for early medical attention. Infants and young children is a congenital hydrocele, with age, growth and development, the lymphatic system functioning, and more self-absorbed, no rush to treatment, can be dynamically observed, regular follow.
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At 11:31 on October 18 a small amount of normal testicular hydrocele sac of liquid (2 ~ 3ml), for smooth, protect testicular use, if too much is the sheath of liquid water. The concept should include hydrocele hydrocele hydrocephalus, sheath hematoma, empyema, and sheath chylous hydrocele swelling. It causes more inflammation, trauma, cancer and other diseases can cause the scrotum and testicular hydrocele. Hydrocele hydrocele in the most common disease in all age groups can be. Hydrocele good results of surgical therapy. In recent years, there are simple line sheath cyst puncture fluid after drug injection, not surgery, but still controversial problem of postoperative complications. - - a small amount of fluid can be asymptomatic. If the effusion great, there are not falling scrotum, or urination and sexual dysfunction, the Ministry of the scrotum can be seen pear or oval lumps, cystic, such as a communicating hydrocele, the tumor size can be changed with the change of position . - - hydrocele in infants and young children more than can be absorbed in the development process itself, so unless the great effusion generally not treated. Surgery for large hydrocele, tunica vaginalis testis usually takes the line turnover operation, sp
ermatic cord hydrocele line cystectomy, communicating hydrocele is suddenly in the sheath of the sheath at high ligation plus membrane turnover operation. Viable small hydrocele cyst puncture fluid injection technique. - - hydrocele diagnosed easily, without special inspection. However, if the need to rule out testicular tumor, may be the prostate, seminal vesicles, scrotum and penis in the ultrasound examination - - - hydrocele high incidence in tropical regions, and schistosomiasis infection in a relationship, it is usually anti-mosquito measures are important. In rural areas, due to various reasons, the treatment of hydrocele inadequate attention, often because of serious damage to bilateral hydrocele and testicular function. It should be called for early medical attention. Infants and young children is a congenital hydrocele, with age, growth and development, the lymphatic system functioning, and more self-absorbed, no rush to treatment, can be dynamically observed, regular follow.
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